Geography Climate

and People of Bhutan

Bhutan is a land locked country located at the north-east of India and bordering with China at the north. It is a small country with an area of about 46,500 square kilometres. It is 300km from east to west and about 140km from north to south. Its southern foothills are about 200m (600ft) above sea level but its peak in north are over 7500m(23,000ft). the highest peak in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum at 7,570m(24,8 40ft)which is the highest peak yet to be conquered in the world.

Bhutan is largely land of steep and high mountains with a network of swift rivers which shape deep valleys and the drain to Indian plains. Bhutan's landscape is a paradise for photographers. It not only provides enchanting natural beauty of mountains, rivers, ravines and lakes, but also outstanding range of biodiversity and ecosystem. Bhutan is situated in the eastern Himalayas which has distinction of being one of the globally outstanding eco regions of the world.

The Kingdom of Bhutan has been committed to maintaining its biodiversity. It has decided to preserve at least sixty percent of the land area under forest cover, including more than a quarter of its territory as natural parks, reserves and other protected area. In addition it has decided to protect land area as biodiversity corridors linking the protected areas. At the same time environmental conservation has been at the core of the nation's development strategy. In other words, economic development will not be at the cost of sacrificing biodiversity and environmental conservation.

Consequently Bhutan has been home to more than 770 species of birds and, 5,400 species of plants. Among them more than 16 different species of birds are included in the list of endangered species. Amongst species of plants, Bhutan has 300 medicinal plants, and over 50 species rhododendron shrub and 600 species of orchids Blue Poppy or Meconopsis is the national flower of the Kingdom. It grows at the height 3500 – 4000 m at the alpine meadows of the Himalayas corvus corax tibetamus, locally known as Jarogi is the national bird. It is a rare species of bird which know to nest in the walls of nation's monasteries and dzongs(fortress).

Bhutan is known to have various rare and exotic species of wild animals. There are golden langurs (found only in Bhutan), langur monkey, hornbills, pheasants, pangolin, pygmy hog, monal peasant, peacock peasant, raven, rufous necked hornbill, serow, mountain goat, timid blue sheep, snow leopard, leopard, leopard cat, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan marten, tigers, red pandas, wild buffalo and musk deer. It is also home to elephants, tigers, one-horned rhinoceros, gaur, wild boar, black bear, yak, tahr and goral. It has some species of fishes in numerous rivers and lakes.

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